If you are reading this article, you probably know the mornings when you wake up, and your bed and pajama is soaked by your sweat. In a normal situation, comfort and quality of the sleep can be reached by cooling the bedroom, setting the proper temperature on the thermostat and using breathable bedding materials. But if sweating continues and repeats often, it is time to find a cause of why is this happening.
It is a known fact that pregnancy and menopause can cause profuse sweating in women due to hormonal changes in their bodies. But night sweating in men is also quite a common phenomena. Now, we are going to have a look to reasons behind this condition, and then we point out solutions that ensure reducing night sweats in men.
What Causes Night Sweating in Men?
1. The role of gender
According to the study published in the journal Experimental Physiology, men sweat more than women; even both sexes have approximately the same amount of sweat glands. Japanese scientists that worked out this study also confirm that men sweat more easily and effectively. It means men’s sweat glands start to produce sweat sooner than women.
This also applies during sleep. Men need only a small temperature increase to start sweating. The body temperature varies during the night. It decreases before falling asleep and increases before waking up. That’s why we sweat more in the early morning.
2. Low level of testosterone
While night sweats and hot flashes are typical for menopausal women, they can also occur in men. Sweating at night can be caused by low testosterone level (Low T). Testosterone is the main sex hormone in men’s body. It is responsible for producing sperm, supports sex attraction, and helps with building muscles and bones. Besides night sweats, there are several other symptoms of low T:
- low energy
- low libido
- increased body fat
- erectile dysfunction
- hot flashes
A genetic condition can cause a low level of testosterone, andropause, injury, infection in testicles, problems with the pituitary gland, type 2 diabetes, or it can be a side effect of certain medications.
It is a condition that usually occurs in men after 40. Andropause is also known as male menopause, and it is characterised by hormonal fluctuation in the body. Low testosterone level can affect body temperature, which leads to profuse sweating usually during sleep. Other symptoms of andropause are weight loss, weakness, fatigue, and sexual problems. If you experience these symptoms, you should visit a physician who will make a blood test and an examination.
3. Secondary Hyperhidrosis
Hyperhidrosis is a medical term for excessive sweating. People with this condition sweat 4-5 times more than healthy people. Sweating occurs even the body doesn’t need it for cooling. Excessive sweating can be genetic or caused by some other condition. Night sweating in men and women are a typical sign of secondary hyperhidrosis. This type of increased perspiration is caused by some disease or other condition, such as obesity, pregnancy, anxiety, or as a side effect of some medications. Night sweats usually affect the entire body. When there is no condition behind the sweating, and it occurs without an obvious reason, we talk about primary hyperhidrosis.
There are several illnesses that affect profuse sweating. Diabetes, lymphoma, infections, or Parkinson’s belong to them. All these diseases affect temperature managing system of the human body. Since this system doesn’t work properly, excessive sweating can occur. In the article 14 Illnesses That Cause Sweating, you will find detailed information about diseases and conditions that are linked to increased perspiration.
Excessive sweating can also be a side effect of taking some medicaments. These are the most common medications that can affect profuse perspiration:
Pain killers: Morphine, Vicodin, Duragesic, Tramadol…
Psychiatric medications: Elavil, Buspar, Tegretol, Celexa, Migranal, Lunesta, Haldol…
Hormonal medicine: Fortical, Evista, Genotropin, Glucotrol, Insulin, Orapred…
Skin medications: Selsin, Lidocaine, Accutane…
Antibiotics: Zovirax, Sustiva, Avelox, Cipro…
Here you can find an extensive list of the most common drugs that can affect excessive sweating.
6. Anxiety and Stress
If you have stress from work or you experience anxiety, tense situation, or depression, you will likely wake up drenched by sweat. Psychological problems have a great impact on physical condition. When you live in permanent psychological discomfort, profuse sweating at night can be a signal that you should take action and visit an expert. Secondary hyperhidrosis caused by psychiatric problems can be reduced just by healing the core of the problem.
7. Alcohol and Drugs
If you belong to the people who enjoy a glass of wine in the evening or a drink with friends, you don’t need to be afraid. But frequent drinking of alcohol and using drugs can affect night sweats. Our body reacts to alcohol by increasing the heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature, the same effect as drugs. People who have problems with excessive alcohol drinking experience sweating almost every night.
How to Stop Night Sweats in Men
To find a solution for profuse sweating, you always should start to find a real cause of the problem. If you know that you suffer from some health disorder we described above and sweating is a side effect of this condition, you should try to treat the disorder. If sweating bothers you every night or very often, you should visit a doctor and tell him/her about it. According to other symptoms you experience, the physician can make an examination and define a diagnosis. These tips can help you to reduce sweating itself:
1. Avoid spicy food and caffeine
If you belong to the spicy food or coffee lover, we don’t have good news. Caffeine, as well as spicy food, can provoke sweat glands to produce more sweat. Even your body temperature stays stable; your brain thinks that you are exercising and tries to cool the body. Occasional consuming of spicy food and drinking coffee shouldn’t have a significant impact on how you sweat.
At the beginning of this article, we pointed out the bedding and sleeping environment. If you experience night sweats, focus on setting a proper temperature in the bedroom, and use breathable bedding materials.
3. Night sweats treatment
On our website, there is a section called treatment, where you can find several ways how to stop excessive sweating. Prescribed or over-the-counter topical antiperspirants can help to reduce sweating in armpits, feet, and hands. Iontophoresis is an ideal solution for those who sweat more in palms and soles, but it can also be used for axillary hyperhidrosis (sweaty underarms). Invasive methods such as Botox or ETS surgery are proper for people with strong symptoms of hyperhidrosis and for those who tried other treatments without succes.
In terms of our topic, people who sweat a lot during the night usually sweat all around the body. In this case, a doctor can prescribe anticholinergic pills designed to reduce sweating at all.